Sarah Liu

Crean Lutheran High School

Class of 2022

Click Here To Learn More About Sarah

Collaborated With Public Health Experts From Distinguished Organizations Like The WHO, UNICEF, And NIH

Diagnosed A Patient From The Nagari Medical Clinic And Maternity Ward in Bauchi State, Nigeria

Developed A Public Health Campaign For Communities In Sub-Saharan Africa For Implementation In 2021

Sarah Liu is a rising junior at Crean Lutheran High School. Sarah is a hardworking student who takes rigorous AP and honors classes.

Outside of school, Sarah loves playing music in orchestra and small ensembles. She also studies violin privately at the Colburn Community School of Music. School activities she is involved in include the ambassador program and Medical Cohort board. Sarah is president of the Healing Sounds of Music Club, Sports Medicine Club, International Praise Music Ensemble Club, and Light of the World Club. She is also a part of HOSA, the National Honor Society, the Science National Honor Society, and the National English Honor Society. In her spare time, Sarah enjoys reading and spending time with her sister.

Sarah is most excited to be in the Advanced Medical and Public Health Summit because she loves helping others and is fascinated with the idea of directly communicating with medical professionals in the developing world. Sarah is also looking forward to learning more about different specialties that she might be interested in. With her experience in teaching, Sarah hopes that she will be able to help educate others about the importance of the medical field.

Click Here To View Sarah's Achievements




My Public Health Campaign

Nigerian Health Statistics

Population:

Per Capita Income:

Female Life Expectany:

Male Life Expectancy:

Infant Mortality Rate:

190, 866, 311 (2017)

$5,680

54 years

53 years

67 per 1,000

According To World Bank, Nigeria 2018

Health Statistics

The Project

Health In Nigeria

The Campaign

The Presentation

Interns developed Public Health Campaigns to address the most prominent public health issues in Bauchi State, Nigeria.

Working in small groups, interns researched and attempted to alleviate public health issues, like malaria or anemia.

The finished public health campaign served as a guide that identifies the problems and shares the solution.

My Public Health Campaign

The Campaign

Through collaboration with doctors in Bauchi, interns discovered why the problem exists, what may hinder the solution, and what can be done to help.

While Nigeria has healthcare infrastructure, the lack of resources, like funding, regulation, and workers, make accessibility a major issue.

With less than 5% of the government's budget allocated to healthcare, funding is a large obstruction to accessible healthcare. Most patients will need to pay for costs out of pocket.

While the WHO recommends a patient to doctor ration 10,000:23, the ration in Nigeria is 10,000:4.

As these are ongoing issues, it is important to develop resources that people can use to prevent or disease at home.

My Public Health Campaign

Health In Nigeria

Interns aimed to mitigate malaria in the communities of Bauchi State, Nigeria through the development of a public health campaign.

Over the course of the program, interns became experts in malaria.

They developed solutions to mitigate the problem through extensive research with experts in the field of public health and scientific research.

In this presentation, interns introduce the problem and outline the advantages and disadvantages of their solution.

My Public Health Campaign

The Project

Interns proposed their public health campaign to a panel of distinguished judges, including the Executive Director of the National Consortium of Health Science Education.

While introducing their disease and public health campaign, interns were sure to follow proper codes of ethics.

When asking for funds for their campaign, interns were sure to outline every potential disadvantage of their solution.

Interns hope to bring power to the people of Bauchi State through accessible healthcare.

My Public Health Campaign

The Presentation


The Patient Diagnosis

In Partnership With The Nagari Medical Clinic & Maternity Ward In Bauchi State, Nigeria

The Advanced Medical & Public Health Internship diagnosis is the first-ever program of its kind. I not only got to work with the top medical professionals from around the world, but also save lives.

Through Zoom, I was connected with a clinic and maternity ward in Bauchi State, Nigeria where I was able to interact with my patients in real-time. Using the doctor in Nigeria as an extension of myself, I examined & diagnosed my patient using my diagnostic training on the top 4 leading causes of death in Nigeria; malaria, typhoid fever, nutritional anemia, & acute respiratory infections (ARI).

These patients were not actors. They were locals from Bauchi State that were all ill and would normally not be able to afford medical treatment as they earn $1.25 a day or less. In return for working with our participants, all of their treatments were funded by Leadership Initiatives.

In 2020, Leadership Initiatives was able to fund the treatment of 16 patients.

Malaria

Typhoid

Anemia

ARI


My Patient - Maryam Mohammed

Patient Biography

Patient Symptoms

Patient Update

My Patient's

Diagnosis

Maryam is a mother of 3 young children. She’s a full time house wife and her husband is a civil servant. They live in a small mud house in an area call Makama new Extension Bauchi State. For most of her day, she stay at home to cook for the family and take care of her children. Her diet consist of minimal protein and and not enough iron-rich food. Her entire family sleeps with mosquito treated nets. She recently has been too weak to keep up with the family chores

Since Maryam presented with symptoms of intermittent fever, nausea, and vomiting, I requested that the doctor do a Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT). The RDT came back positive, and I was then able to diagnose Maryam with malaria and prescribe Artemether-Lumefantrine, which is an anti-malarial tablet. I also provided suggestions that might help reduce the chances of another infection, such as using a bed net while sleeping.

Maryam was ultimately diagnosed with typhoid fever. Antibacterial medications were used for treatment. Continual eating of iron-rich foods and constant intake of fluids aided in further prevention.

I was also able to offer Maryam ways to protect herself from malaria and typhoid, such as sleeping with a bug net, wearing long sleeves and pants, and washing hands often.

Many people in the world do not have access to needed medical care, including Maryam and her family. Working with Leadership Initiatives, I was able to help provide some of the care they need while exploring a career in medicine & gaining experience.



My Diagnosis



Medical Expert Panels

Clinical Training

Diagnostic Training

Presentation To Medical Experts

Medical Expert Panels

Medical Program Highlights

Click On The Links Below

To See Each Highlight

I had the unique opportunity to discuss the ethics of medicine with Dr. James Giordano, Chief of Georgetown University's Neuroethics Studies Program.

I now have a better understanding of neuroethical issues arising from the development of new neuroscientific techniques and neurotechnologies.

I heard from top medical specialists in the fields of emergency medicine, medical research, and surgery.

I was able to gain a better understanding of the duties associated with each medical specialty and how to pursue those particular careers.

I now know what steps I need to take to begin my journey in medicine.

As a group, we explored the use and misuse of these techniques in medicine, public life, global health, and the military.

Clinical Training

Through this internship, I was introduced to basic clinical skills, like performing physical exams. These physical exam skills included taking vital signs and performing neurological exams.

When performing neurological exams, we were trained in a procedure that assesses the 12 cranial nerves. These nerves help facilitate the normal and healthy functioning of the body.

Along with these basic procedures, I had the opportunity to learn specialized skills, like suturing and plaster casting.

When discussing vitals signs, we explored different methods to take pulse. I am confident that I can calculate how fast a heart is beating through any of these methods.

Diagnostic Training

Through interactive activities, I was able to develop a systematic approach to patient assessment and diagnosis.

Under Dr. Aisha’s guidance, I was able to improve my ability to synthesize and evaluate information, which are essential to applying my diagnostic training,

These exercises helped me advance my communication skills to appropriately consult with patients to best understand their symptoms. The constructive feedback I received through this experience prepared me for my real diagnosis of a patient in Nigeria.

Dr. Aisha taught a series of workshops that demonstrated the proper way to interview a patient and explained various techniques to investigate diseases.

Throughout the internship, I developed skills in the collection, interpretation and critical analysis of patient data.

Presentation To Medical Experts

Our team presented our public health campaign to a panel of top medical experts, including the Executive Director of the National Consortium For Health Science.

At the end of the presentation, we were able to receive feedback on our public health campaign pitch.

Over the next four weeks, our proposal would be reviewed three more times by top medical specialists and Leadership Initiatives’ sponsors before being approved and put into action in January 2021.

This Formal presentation allowed our team to practice our skills and measure the effectiveness of our communication, all while showcasing our efforts to transform communities in Bauchi State, Nigeria.